History - On This Day - 23 June 1903 - Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal

On 23 June 1903, King Tribhuwan, also written Tribhuvan, was born
in Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal.

Source picture: Wikipedia


Tribhuvan was the son of Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah and
Queen Divyeshwari Laxmi Devi Shah.


After the death of his father, Tribhuvan ascended the throne
on 11 December 1911 at the age of 8. His mother was
appointed as regent until King Tribhuvan would come to his

Tribhuvan and his sons - Source picture: Wikipedia

Love and marriage

In March 1919, King Tribhuvan married Queen Kanti of Nepal
as his first wife. In a double ceremony he took Queen Kanti's
sister, Queen Ishwari as his second wife. He also had junior

King Tribhuvan had 3 sons and 13 daughters.

Source picture: Wikipedia


In that time, the position of monarch was mainly titular. The real power in
the country was executed by the conservative Rana family, which supplied
the country with its hereditary Prime Minister.

During World War I, tensions between the royal family and the Ranas came
to a head. The Ranas wanted to join the war in support of Britain, which
controlled India to the south.

King Tribhuvan worked closely with Praja Parishad (a political party)
to abolish the Rana regime.

In November 1950, King Tribhuvan took refuge at the Indian Embassy.
On 7 November 1950, the Prime Minister announced that the four-year-old
grandson would become the new King of Nepal. He was crowned the
same day.

The removal of the King led to huge demonstrations in the country.
On 22 November 1950, the Prime Minister of India officially
announced that India was not going to recognize the new King as
legal King of Nepal.

Finally an agreement was reached according to which King Tribhuvan
had to form a new government.

On 18 February 1951, King Tribhuvan was declared monarch of
Nepal again.

Three days after his return, King Tribhuvan formally declared an
end to the rule of the Rana family. He established a democratic system.

Source picture: Wikipedia


King Tribhuvan died on 13 March 1955 in Zürich, Switzerland under
strange circumstances. He was 52. He was succeeded by his eldest
son Mahendra.


Following places in Nepal are named after him:

- International airport in Kathmandu: Tribhuvan International Airport;
- Tribhuvan Highway, the oldest highway in Nepal;
- Tribhuvannagar a city
- Tribhuvan University.

Also the Tribhuvan Challenge Shield a football association was
named after him.

History - On This Day - 18 June 1901 - Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia

On 18 June 1901 (O.S. June 5) a new Grand Duchess was born at the
Peterhof Palace in St. Petersburg, Russia.

She received the name: Anastasia Nikolaevna of Russia. 

Source picture: Wikipedia


Her parents were Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra

Grand Duchess Anastasia was the sister of:
Grand Duchess Olga,
Grand Duchess Tatiana,
Grand Duchess Maria
and Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia.

The Tsar and his family -
Taken at the exhibition in the Hermitage in Amsterdam in 2017

Early life

When Anastasia was born, the Tsar and his family were disappointed
that she wasn't a boy, who would be heir apparent to the throne. 

At the Russian Royal Court, the Tsar's children were raised as simple
as possible. They slept on hard beds, they took cold baths in the 
morning and they were expected to tidy their rooms and to do 
needlework (which was sold to charity events). 

Anastasia grew up into an energetic child, described as short with
blue eyes and blonde hair.

Anastasia and her sister Maria were known in the family as
"The Little Pair". The two girls shared a room, they often wore the
same dress and spent much of their time together. 

The four royal sisters used the nickname OTMA, which was 
derived from the first letters of their first names. 

Anastasia's health sometimes was poor. She had a weak muscle
in her back and she was prescribed twice-weekly massage. 

portrait of the family of the Last Tsar -
taken at the exhibition of the Hermitage in Amsterdam


Due to the Hemophilia of Alexei Nikolaevich, Anastasia's mother
relied on Grigori Rasputin. Anastasia and her siblings were taught
to view Rasputin as "Our Friend". 

World War I

During World War I, Anastasia and her sister Maria visited wounded
soldiers at a private hospital in the grounds at Tsarskoye Selo. 

The two teenagers became Red Cross nurses like their mother and
their elder sisters.


In February 1917, Anastasia and her family were placed under 
house arrest at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo during
the Russian Revolution. 

Tsar Nicholas II abdicated on 15 March 1917 (O.S. 2 March).
The Provisional Government later moved the former Royal
Family to Tobolsk in Siberia. Later they moved to the
Ipatiev House at Yekaterinburg. 


In the Winter of 1917, Anastasia wrote to a good friend:
"Goodbye" ... "Don't forget us". 

At Tobolsk Anastasia and her sister sewed jewels into their clothes. 

However, even in the last months of her life, Anastasia found ways
to enjoy herself. She and other members of the household performed
plays for the enjoyment of their parents. 

The last Tsar and his family in captivity
picture taken at the Hermitage in Amsterdam


After the revolution of October 1917, Russia turned into a civil war.
There were negotiations to release the former royal family and they
still had supporters called the White Army. 

When the White Army reached Yekaterinburg, the royal family
was disappeared. 

They were all murdered on 17 July 1918.


However, it was hard to believe that the complete family of the
Last Tsar was murdered. 

At least ten women claimed to be Anastasia. The best known was
Anna Anderson. When she died in 1984, her DNA was compared
with the DNA of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (a great-
nephew of Empress Alexandra). There was no match and the test
proved that Anna Anderson was related to a Polish factory worker.


In 2000, Anastasia and her family were canonized by the
Russian Orthodox Church. 

The bodies of Tsar Nicolas II, Tsarina Alexandra and three of 
their daughters were finally interred in the St. Catherine Chapel
at Saints Peter and Paul Cathedral, St. Petersburg on 
17 July 1998, eighty years after they were murdered. 


The mystery of Anastasia and her family inspired many movies 
In 1956 there was a film Anastasia with Ingrid Bergman as
Anna Anderson. 

In 1997 there was an animated musical film Anastasia.

On Twitter, Lisi @empressofHaB mentioned that there is at the moment
a musical in Broadway called: Anastasia. 

Anastasia - Source picture: Wikipedia

See also the page: Russia - House of Romanov 1917 till now on top of this blog
or on this link